Tax Refunds In Bankruptcy

The treatment of tax refunds is a popular issue in bankruptcy.  Income tax refunds are commonly considered to be part of the bankruptcy estate.  Therefore, if a debtor files Chapter 7 bankruptcy, the trustee may attempt to seize all or a portion of the debtor’s tax refund.  In a Chapter 13 bankruptcy, the trustee may seek to have the debtor turn over all or a portion of the debtor’s tax refund, to be applied towards the funding of the Chapter 13 plan. However, a tax Read More +

Exception To Discharge In Bankruptcy For Intentional Torts

Bankruptcy Code Section 523(a)(6) prevents a debtor from obtaining the discharge of any debt for “willful and malicious injury by the debtor to another entity or to the property of another entity”.  There are two prominent interpretations as to how this provision is to be construed.  The Ninth Circuit interpretation is that the debtor’s actions “must be accompanied by some form of tortious conduct which gives rise to the willful and malicious injury.”  The Fifth Circuit maintains that tortious conduct is not required and that Read More +

Copyrights In Bankruptcy

Under bankruptcy law, copyrights and patents are considered assets.  An author of a book who has copyrighted such book or a songwriter who has copyrighted his or her song or songs are considered under bankruptcy law, to possess an asset.  Depending upon the value of such an asset, a debtor may find such asset sold by the bankruptcy trustee in a Chapter 7 bankruptcy.  In a Chapter 13 bankruptcy, the bankruptcy trustee will want a determination of the value of the asset.  If such asset’s Read More +

How Do I File For Bankruptcy?

How do I file for bankruptcy is a common search term on Google and other search engines.  If one files either a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy or a Chapter 13 Bankruptcy, one may either represent oneself, pro se or enlist the services of a bankruptcy attorney or bankruptcy lawyer. Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 bankruptcy are the two most commonly filed forms of bankruptcy.  Currently, the filing fee for a Chapter 7 bankruptcy is $335.00 and the filing fee for a Chapter 13 bankruptcy is $310.00.  Read More +

Bankruptcy Chapter 11

From Clearwater, Florida comes a question from John J.  What is Chapter 11 Bankruptcy?  I have a small business, wish to retain my business, and either discharge or reorganize my personal and business debts.  Should I file a Chapter 11 Bankruptcy in order to accomplish these goals? There are numerous Chapters available under the Bankruptcy Code.  Chapter 7 Bankruptcy is a form of Bankruptcy wherein the Debtor usually seeks to Discharge unsecured debts, such as credit cards, medical bills, signature loans, and various other forms Read More +

Bankruptcy Attorney Fees

Bill Putnee from Lakeland, Florida asks, what are the attorney fees or costs of hiring a bankruptcy attorney.  This is a common question asked by the persons contacting our office. Generally, most honest bankruptcy attorneys do not prefer to quote a definite attorney fee for bankruptcy representation without first meeting the prospective client.  The amount of work and effort that each bankruptcy filing requires can vary depending upon the particular facts or circumstances of each case. Numerous factors determine whether an individual qualifies for either Read More +

Bankruptcy Information

For those seeking bankruptcy information, the website of Weller Legal Group is arguably the largest source of bankruptcy information in these United States.  This website, spanning well over one thousand pages, addresses every conceivable issue relating to bankruptcy and bankruptcy law. The main portion of the website contains information relating to Chapter 7, Chapter 13, Chapter 12, and Chapter 11 bankruptcy.  Some of our clients tell us that they have read every page of the website, which seems to be an almost impossible task.  This Read More +

Firearms, Guns, The Second Amendment And Bankruptcy – Part 2

In the 111th Congress, legislation was passed in HR 5827 that provided a Federal Exemption in Bankruptcy for a Debtor’s interest in a “single rifle, shotgun or pistol, or any combination thereof”, provided the total value of such Firearms did not exceed $3000.  Such bill also contained a provision that Firearms could be included in the category of Household Goods, permitting the Debtor to avoid a Non-possessory, Nonpurchase Money Security Interest in Bankruptcy.  Similar legislation was also presented in the 112th Congress in a bill Read More +